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- Electric Vehicles
By owning or leasing a new electric vehicle, you can benefit from many incentives including tax credits, toll discounts, and rebates in addition to savings from not paying for gas and other maintenance costs associated with internal combustion engines.
Electric Vehicles (EVs) have three main types:
|Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)||Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)||Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)|
|Powered by||A large battery that stores electric energy that powers the motor||An internal combustion engine and electric motor using energy from a medium-sized battery. Some can travel over 40 miles on pure electric power before needing to burn fuel.||An internal combustion engine and electric motor using energy from a smaller battery; runs on conventional or alternative fuel. Limited electric-only range.|
|How to charge/fuel||Plug into an electric power source||Plug into an electric power source to charge the battery for maximum electric-only range; fill up at a gas station to refuel the gas tank.||Fill up at a gas station to refuel the gas tank. The battery is typically charged by the internal combustion engine working like a gas-powered generator, and by the electric motor recouping electricity while the car is slowing down.|
|Vehicle Examples||Nissan Leaf, Chevrolet Bolt, Tesla Model 3||Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid||Toyota Prius|
Browse all electric vehicles available in the current market on Xcel Energy’s Electric Vehicle comparison tool!
Rebates and Incentives
Federal Tax Credit, $2,500 - $7,500
Tax credit for the purchase of a new plug-in electric drive motor vehicle. Credit amount depends on the car’s battery capacity, and the total number of electric vehicles sold by the vehicle manufacturer.
MnPass/E-ZPass EV Incentive, $125 - $250
The State of Minnesota will grant MnPASS toll credits to people who purchase or lease a new or used electric vehicle between November 1, 2019 and October 31, 2022.
Use Xcel Energy’s Incentives tool to see what the incentives and rebates are for the vehicle you’re interested in!
Charging Electric Vehicles
Over 80% of electric vehicle charging occurs at home, and some charging can occur at workplaces or other public charging stations. Most EV owners charge their vehicles overnight like a cell phone.
Types of charging levels:
- Level 1 – plugging into a standard 120-volt wall outlet (typical household electrical outlet), also known as “trickle charging.” Requires no additional equipment installation.
- Adds 2-5 miles of range per hour
- Level 2 – plugging into a 240-volt outlet (same as electric ovens or dryers) or a dedicated electric vehicle charging station (formally called an EVSE, or Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment).
- Adds 10-50 miles of range per hour
- Level 3 – Also known as “Direct current (DC) fast charging.” These stations have power outputs ranging from 50kWh to 350kWh, and can fully charge a battery in around 30 minutes or less.
Learn more about charging standards from Drive Electric MN.
In Roseville, we have multiple locations with public charging stations available:
Public charging stations can be easily located using PlugShare and AFDC’s Alternative Fueling Station Locator.
Ready to get started with charging at home? Check out Xcel Energy's available programs and options for EV owners.
Consider charging up your EV with renewable energy! If you sign up for Windsource or other renewable energy sources through your Xcel Energy account, you can opt to have some or all of your household energy usage (including charging your electric vehicle) come from renewable sources.
Other Electric Vehicle Resources
Carbon Counter Vehicle Comparison Tool – compare the total monthly cost and life cycle emissions per mile for EVs, hybrids, and other gas & diesel cars by make and model.
MN EV Owners group – Connect with owners of electric vehicles, find informational events to attend and resources to learn more about EV technology.
MN EV Owners Facebook group – Chat with EV owners and enthusiasts, learn about group drives and meetups, and can also be a good resource to find used EVs.
How Our Community is Driving Forward with Electric Vehicles
The City of Roseville is proud to be a Minnesota GreenStep City that supports clean transportation. By bringing one electric vehicle into our city fleet and actively exploring options to add additional EVs and charging stations, our city is committed to reducing our greenhouse gas emissions and meeting the goals of our Energy Action Plan.